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浙江省浙南名校联盟(温州九校)2018-2019学年高一上学期期末联考试题(英语 解析版)
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Jennifer Toth, who survived cancer as a child, is now a nurse at the hospital that helped save her life.
Toth was diagnosed(诊断) with hepatoblastoma when she was just 2 years old. No signs showed that anything was wrong with Toth until early 1995 when her mother felt a lump on her stomach. Her parents took her to Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, where scans showed she had a tumor (肿瘤) the size of a softball on her liver.
Hepatoblastoma is a tumor that begins in the liver and is usually found in children up to three years old. It is a rare form of cancer, affecting fewer than one in a million children, according to St Jude Children's Research Hospital. The exact cause is unknown. The survival rate is 80 percent if the tumor does not spread, and it can be removed following chemotherapy (化疗). If the entire liver is affected, then patients may need a liver transplant.
Toth's tumor was too large to remove so she went through six months of chemotherapy first. Luckily, after a few years of treatment at Children's Hospital, Toth was declared cancer-free.
Later she was awarded a college scholarship for cancer survivors, spending four years at the University of Pennsylvania, where she earned a Bachelor's of Science in Nursing.
Now, Toth is working as a nurse at that very same hospital. She told Fox News that she doesn't hide the fact that she is a cancer survivor. “ I always thought that it would be amazing to come full circle and work at the same hospital where I had been a patient,” Toth said, “ I hope that my experience as a patient and a survivor shapes my nursing practice in a way that conveys (传递) deep sympathy and understanding.”
21. What can we know about hepatoblastoma from the passage?
A. The cause of it has been found out without any risk.
B. Patients need to have a liver transplant immediately.
C. Most of the patients can survive if the tumor is controlled.
D. It’s a kind of cancer that affects millions of young children.
22. Toth chooses to work at Children's Hospital because ____________.
A. she wants to cure the patients of tumor
B. she plans to improve her own nursing skills
C. she feels it amazing to work with the nurses
D. she hopes to convey understanding to the patients
23. What is Toth’s attitude towards her disease?
A. puzzled    B. open    C. fearful    D. indifferent
【答案】21. C    22. D    23. B
【解析】
这是一篇新闻报道。短文报道了Toth在她两岁的时候被诊断为?#25991;?#32454;胞瘤。?#20197;?#30340;是,在儿童医?#33322;?#21463;了几年治疗后,托特被宣?#21450;?#30151;痊愈。大学毕业之后Toth选择回到挽救她生命的儿童医院工作,希望自己即是病人又是幸存者的经历能向病人表达深深的同情和理解。
【21题详解】
推理判断题。由第三段“The survival rate is 80 percent if the tumor does not spread, and it can be removed following chemotherapy (化疗).”可知,如果肿瘤不扩散,存活率为80 %,化疗后可以切除。所以可以判断出,如果肿瘤得到控制,大多数病人都能存活下来。故C选项正确。
【22题详解】
细节理解题。由最后一段“ I hope that my experience as a patient and a survivor shapes my nursing practice in a way that conveys (传递) deep sympathy and understanding.”可知,我希望我作为病人和幸存者的经历能向病人表达我对他们深切的同情和理解,成就?#19994;?#25252;理职业生涯。”所以Toth选择在儿童医院工作是因为她希望向病人表达她对病人的理解。故D选项正确。
【23题详解】
细节理解题。由最后一段“ She told Fox News that she doesn't hide the fact that she is a cancer survivor”可知,她告诉福克斯新闻,她没有隐瞒自己是癌症幸存者的事实。所以托特对她的病的态度是公开的。故B选项正确。

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